This idea takes the repertoire chosen as a starting point. The score, in essence, is the starting point for the ability to learn to paraphrase it, to be able to reduce it and transform it to something else, to transpose it, to be able to embellish when necessary or even to recompose it. Michael Spacie has done this with several of the numbers on his Soundcloud page which were played on the organ.
The whole point is to train the ear in relation to the inherent knowledge of the instrument but also the awareness of phrasing, articulation, melodic contour, rhythmic shape, harmony and appropriate organ registration etc.. It includes all the elements of improvisation but within the stylistic content of the chosen repertoire and within the context of the piece that is the starting point.
Often, the secret is knowing which features to distil from a particular style. You become very close and aligned to the creative process and the essence of the expressivity of the piece. It brings together and unites many aspects of musicianship to produce a creative whole.
For such as Mozart, Beethoven et al, composing, improvising and playing were inseparable parts of music making. Almost all the classical music we play nowadays was written by composers who naturally combined these elements. The tradition did not disappear but unfortunately got lost in the advent of institutional musical education where music has to be played in a certain way and with a certain sound and in a certain mould. Also, with the development of the fortepiano in the eighteenth century and the increased capacity for gradation of sound, improvisation was perhaps to a certain extent overshadowed with interpretation just as ornamentation was perhaps somewhat replaced with dynamics. Performers nowadays do not necessarily learn how to compose. There may well be a little improvisation on certain student education courses but often resulting in nothing deeper than a narrow learning of the tune rather than the language. Keyboard studies are important which should include the harpsichord, clavichord and organ – crucial for a broad development and familiarity of inherent performance practice and performing music from the past.
In summary, ‘fooling around’ on a keyboard instrument such as the organ with an original score, can, produce some great music on the highest level attainable through paraphrasing, transforming, embellishing and/or altogether recomposing to produce something completely original. The following numbers on the Soundcloud page of Michael Spacie illustrate some examples of the above ideas, all of which are played on the organ: ‘An Improvisation’; ‘Carnival Time’; ‘Under the Spell of’; ‘Swedish Rhapsody’; ‘Seaside Sounds’; ‘Pierrot on a Merry Walk’; ‘Russian Gipsy Rustic Dance’; ‘The Dance’; ‘The Fairground’; ‘The Dance’; ‘Concert Finale’, and on a more serious note, ‘Hallelujah Chorus’ from ‘Messiah’ by G. F. Handel with the important thematic pedal work; the hymn tune ‘St Anne’ by W. Croft with one of the features being the pedal solo starting at 1 min. 44 sec. and lasting to 2 mins. 5 sec.; ‘Noel Nouvelet’ French (M.S.) with the open 5th idea taken from ‘organum’ (original definition: sounding like an organ) and a raft of Christmas Carols played on the organ with various and numerous wonderful musical ideas and spontaneous arrangements which fortunately were captured with a digital sound recorder, otherwise possibly could not have been repeated.